PRESUPPOSITION IN PHENOMENOLOGY: A CRITICAL EXAMINATION IN THERAVADA BUDDHIST PHILOSOPHY

PhramahaPornchai Sirivaro

Abstract


By and large, there are at least two methods: deductive and inductive, human beings basically utilize to gain varieties of knowledge. On the one hand, in deductive method, the knowledge is logically acquired through inference to general law or principle. In doing this, one should try to find out such law or principle while making claim of knowledge.  On the other hand, in inductive method, the knowledge is primarily produced by reference to the experimentation or observation wherein its result contains possibility. In this matter, one should find out the possible grounds of observation or experimentation while making claim of any knowledge. According to phenomenological study, the real knowledge is methodologically acquired through what things themselves demand. If so, there is no room for presupposition because it claims that presupposition leads to falsify the real knowledge. In this regard, it seems so obvious that there will be no room for those types of reasoning: deductive and inductive methods, in phenomenology because both by its very nature of reasons possess some aspects of presupposition. In this article, an attempt was critically made to argue that while making claim of knowledge to some extent there is certain presupposition in the method; human beings by nature cannot purely acquire knowledge in the way phenomenology does. In support of this claim, the Buddhist philosophical standpoints concerning human nature will be taken up for a clear-cut examination.

Keywords; Presupposition, Phenomenological study, Human nature, Deductive and Inductive


Keywords


Presupposition, Phenomenological study, Human nature, Deductive and Inductive

Full Text:

PDF

References


(1) Books:

A Comprehensive Manual of Abhidhamma: the Abhidhamma Samgaha of Ãcariya Anuruddha; Bhikkhu Bodhi, (trans.), Buddhist Publication Society, Kandy, Sri Lanka, 2006.

Bhadantācariya Buddhaghosa; The Path of Purification (Visuddhimagga), Bhikkhu Ñānamoli, (trans.), Buddhist Publication Society, Kandy, Sri Lanka, 1991.

Phra Prayudh, Payutto; Buddhadhamma: Natural Laws and Values for Life, Olson Grant A., (trans.), University of New York Press, New York, 1995.

Robert E. Buswell, Jr., (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Buddhism; Thomson Gale, New York, 2003.

Jayatilleke, K. N.; The Message of the Buddha, Buddhist Publication Society, Kandy, Sri Lanka, 2000.

Kalupahana, D. J.; The Principles of Buddhist Psychology, Sri Satguru, Delhi, 1987.

Nyanatiloka; Buddhist Dictionary: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines, The Corporate Body of the Buddha Educational Foundation, Taiwan, 1987.

Lusthaus, Dan, Buddhist Phenomenology: A Philosophical Investigation of Yogācāra Buddhism and the Ch’eng Wei-shih lun, London: Routledge Curzon, 2002.

Angurarohita, Pratoom , Logic for Critical Thinking, Bangkok: Chulalongkorn Univesity Printing House, 2010.

Dermot Moran, Timothy Mooney, The Phenomenology Reader, London: Routledge, 2002.

Kaufer, Stephan and Chemero, Antony, Phenomenology: An Introduction, Cambridge: Polity Press, 2015.

Chattha Samgāyanā, (Version 4), Vipassanā Research Institute, Dhammagiri, Igatpuri, Nasik, Maharashtra, India.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Khon Kaen Campus Language Institute,
Mahachulalongkornraja-Vidyalaya University Khon Kaen Campus
Building 100 Years, Somdej Phra Buddhacarya
30 Moo. 1, Ban Koksi, Koksi Sub-district, Muang District, Khon Kaen
Tel:  0-4328-3546-7 Fax: 0-4328-3399
http://www.ojs.mcu.ac.th/index.php/ijbe
http://www.jber.in.th
E-mail: jbermcukkli@gmail.com