An Analytical Study of the Relation Between Human and Nature in Theravada Buddhist Philosophy.

Ven. Ratanak Keo (Ratanasilo), Dr. Phrakhrubhavanabodhikun, Assoc. Prof. Udom Buasri, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Dipti Visuddhangkoon Visuddhangkoon

Abstract


       The research An Analytical Study of the Relation Between Human and Nature in Theravada Buddhist Philosophy aims to study 1) to study the concept of human being in Theravada Buddhist Philosophy, 2) to study the concept of nature in Theravada Buddhist Philosophy and 3) to analyze the concept of relation between human beings and nature in Theravada Buddhist Philosophy. The research study of the Relation between human being and nature in Theravada Buddhist philosophy is a part of environmental and applied philosophy. it analyzed the study of Theravada Buddhist theories of Human being and Nature, to see some of the bigger issues example: the people will understand the environmental crisis in the world such as global warming, flood, drought, and climate change and so on. And they can get some ideas from the ways one could go in constructing a philosophy of human being and nature.

The research finding were as follows.

The human being has the main important components, the body and mind that are related to each other. Human being has higher mind in the way to think, to judge, to understand and to control all its action. It is the kind of special being that has many activities with leading of the normal mind to be higher being. Its mind plays role as the forerunner, as the chief and as the mind-made to develop the body and mind. According to all special kinds of living beings, human being is better than the others. The human is the part of nature based on two main important components the body and mind. The components of body and the state of mind are raised by the state of its nature that we called Dhammajati or Loka, the nature or the world. The components of human being: four basic elements, earth, water, fire and air and non-physical features (mind) are under the subject to three characteristics –impermanent, suffering, and non self that there is nothing, nothing substantial, nothing permanent.

       The nature is subject to the normal working of "laws of nature", five Niyama, is the essential properties and causes of those things to be what they naturally are, refer two major sets of interrelated meanings, referring on the one hand to the things which are natural. It is equivalent to the natural, physical, or material world or universe. The nature is not organized and constructed by man or God or "natural law or way” is universally valid, despite "natural" as fundamental principles. The nature is everything or environments exist on the Earth such as the natural resources and refer to the phenomena of the physical world, and also to life in general that has connected and influence on all living and non-living things. The nature is the state that offered everything for living and non-living on the World as well as universe.   

      Relation of human being and nature is both internal and external world. The body of human is born from four elements of nature. Human being has mind, and body. The nature has earth, water, fire, wind and other as is component combinations. Human body also has earth, water, fire, and wind as its components, the human mind has own natural state happen based on nature world. Therefore human being and nature are every close to each other and have to go together. The relation is both bad and good that effect to each other. Most of bad relation mostly causes by human, not nature, but nature will back what the human did such as environmental problems, global warming, and natural disaster. The good relation human beings have to take care with loving- kindness of the nature because nature provide every natural resources for human being. The human beings is special being was born base on nature both body-mind and internal and external and human living depend on nature from birth till the death. The nature always provides everything for human being. The relation between human being and nature will be good or bad based on the human activities.


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