An Analytical Study of Haephakhuenthat Festival, Wat Phramahatat Woramahavihara, Nakhonsithammarat Province

Detchat Treesap


The research objectives were as follows 1) To study the history, belief, form and behavior performance on Haephakuenthat festival, Wat Phramahatatuvoramahavihara, Nakhon Si Thammarat province, the population were composed of Venerable monks scholars, and common people who came for performing on this festival all about 15 person, the instrument for data collection was dept interview question and observation without participation, data analysis by finding the similar or non-similar, relation and different then collected data for investigation and reliability and present data by dissemination in items according to content by analyze description.

          The findings were as follows.

          1. According to history and belief on Haephakuenthat festival found that on 1773 B.E. Sridhammasokaraj king had already fixed of Pagada then arranged for cerebration and some of Pakpanang people had offered the speech on about lord Buddha image story painting which found at Pakpanang beach and taken that cloth to offer the King then after clean the cloth found the lord Buddha image painting that called Phaphrabod then announce for finding the owner and found that the owner was the Buddhist from Hengsawadee, Mynmar and some found the owner from Intarapat, Cambodia to bring Phaphrabod for woshiping lord Buddha in Langka, The king had decided to bring this cloth for covering the pagoda on Cerebration ceremony this festival had appeared up to the present time, they believed that read worship must do in front of the Buddha face only, the people in Nakhon Si Thammarat city bring Phaphrabod for covring the pagoda by cover the pagoda as closed with Buddha relic.

          2) The form and performance behavior on Haephakuenthat festival started with determination on date for worshiping in two times per year but now has only one time i.e. on Makhapujâ day, the cloth for covering pagoda used the white, yellow and red. The Buddhist people will prepare the long cloth according to their belief, then bind each other of their cloths to cover the pagoda in all a round, and the special one must paint the lord Buddha image on his history, the start point began at Sanamnamuang, they cerebrate with a lots of foods and sweets etc, and offered to monks in wat pramahatatuvoramahavihara by carrying with beautiful parade and roaming with traditional music in front of parade, enjoy and every one took so long line and kept the cloth on their heads, and walk throughout the Rajadamnern Road, while the parade reached the temple and then take three rounds of pagoda and then to perform with praying and invited the monks for chanting and then offer the Phrabod by speech then bring the cloth in to Phratrongma Vihara, some group had many people, some group had a few of them, to offer food for monk in morning and then to bring the cloth to cerebrate at seven o’clock start the cloth line, lots of them brought the cloth to cover the pagoda without form depended upon their require but the cloth line of offician would cerebrate in the afternoon and did not took around the pagoda, and in the parade line also were prepared a lots of flowers, candles etc, for worshiping the pagoda and also arranged with traditional music played along the parade line all the way and also had many dancers who dressed in white cloths or silk etc, some of them, they had full beliefs and took off their shoes for walking around with cloth in the noon and some parade had monks walking  in front of the parade line.

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