The Hermeneutics of Buddhist philosophy(Religion) in Theravada and Mahayana : analyze metaphorical

Veerachart Nimanong


Hermeneutics, which is known in other words as science and art of under-standing, could help make the Buddhists come to an agreement and understand
one another that there are only two main Orders of Buddhism, i.e. Theravada and Mahayana, even though some Buddhist scholars have been trying to divide
Buddhism into 3 main schools of thought, namely Mahayana, Theravada and
Vajrayana as it becomes a word of mouth MTV. However, Vajrayana cannot be taken as a separate Order of Buddhism and it is inclusively recognized as only a branch of Mahayana Buddhism. This is because both Mahayana and Vajrayana follow the same 

theory of Hermeneutics known as ‘Skills in Means’ (Upayakausalya). In contrast
with that, Theravada uses the theory of ‘Gradual Path’ (Anupubbamagga) as its
Hermeneutics. More importantly, the method of ‘Skills in Means’ of Mahayana had
already appeared in the Theravada’s Tipitaka, but Mahayana developed it to
a greater extent that even Theravada will have to accept it by bringing it back to
apply it for understanding the commentaries of Dhammapada and Jataka stories.

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